阳西| 王益| 双流| 靖宇| 桂阳| 青河| 阿勒泰| 长垣| 壶关| 南县| 台东| 伊春| 长清| 汉中| 康平| 陵水| 荔波| 海安| 喀什| 定南| 屯昌| 冕宁| 华宁| 岳阳县| 宝鸡| 工布江达| 额敏| 宿州| 金川| 武宣| 富锦| 临沭| 萝北| 芦山| 临沂| 两当| 科尔沁右翼前旗| 黄岛| 梁平| 庐江| 哈巴河| 环江| 涿州| 交城| 安康| 闻喜| 金沙| 涿州| 叙永| 醴陵| 扎赉特旗| 信阳| 建水| 彭州| 若羌| 覃塘| 澄迈| 广南| 连平| 靖州| 鄄城| 海淀| 玛多| 祁阳| 屏边| 蛟河| 高州| 畹町| 临沭| 东乡| 项城| 静海| 义县| 昆明| 双牌| 昭觉| 江门| 绥芬河| 济源| 南丰| 山西| 温宿| 志丹| 沈丘| 中山| 杂多| 泽库| 桃江| 瑞金| 马山| 龙门| 和硕| 白云矿| 成武| 寿阳| 绛县| 仪征| 聂荣| 常熟| 金川| 奇台| 肇州| 呼玛| 乐至| 临猗| 芦山| 昆山| 松江| 饶河| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 宾川| 通许| 嵩县| 青田| 林州| 惠农| 博乐| 伊通| 南部| 淄博| 天门| 本溪市| 肃宁| 当雄| 克拉玛依| 资源| 柘城| 昭苏| 崇明| 黄冈| 莱芜| 灵川| 庐山| 七台河| 民和| 井陉| 桂平| 夏河| 岢岚| 伊川| 炉霍| 富蕴| 夏县| 廉江| 大化| 石景山| 耒阳| 吴起| 宜昌| 河间| 彭山| 瓮安| 荥经| 义马| 邯郸| 定西| 赤城| 澄迈| 紫云| 隆子| 靖江| 甘德| 毕节| 普洱| 晋城| 成都| 南县| 凤城| 思茅| 大连| 娄底| 新县| 呼伦贝尔| 温宿| 东丽| 南陵| 仁布| 让胡路| 扎赉特旗| 都昌| 凤冈| 城阳| 张家界| 卓资| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 呼图壁| 长沙| 青田| 庐江| 鄂州| 襄汾| 嘉禾| 伊通| 缙云| 天津| 长垣| 林芝镇| 新疆| 峨眉山| 开化| 蒲县| 明溪| 泾县| 江夏| 凤山| 慈溪| 册亨| 永兴| 漳平| 尚志| 房山| 宜春| 平昌| 赣州| 洛川| 昂仁| 米泉| 阿拉尔| 壤塘| 淄川| 辽阳县| 印台| 定结| 广丰| 福州| 赤壁| 伽师| 滨州| 延吉| 舒兰| 蒲江| 集贤| 鄂州| 左贡| 望谟| 洛阳| 共和| 中宁| 来安| 新沂| 梁山| 塔河| 大兴| 奈曼旗| 芜湖县| 惠东| 井研| 玛曲| 石楼| 阜平| 共和| 定西| 当阳| 耒阳| 黄陂| 鄂托克前旗| 南和| 南安| 永修| 巴林左旗| 郴州| 射洪| 宁明|

创新-“穷洗澡,富洗脑”(今天总算明白了!)

2019-07-19 03:48 来源:中华网

  创新-“穷洗澡,富洗脑”(今天总算明白了!)

  SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)SanitaryworkerLiuWenhuacollectsgarbageonacliffwhilehangingfromacableatWulingyuanscenicareainZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince,June5,,48,hasworkedatthetouristattractionfornearlyfiveyears,mainlyresponsibleforcleaninglitterleftbyirresponsiblevisitors.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuYongbing)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)

RussiancosmonautsAntonShkaplerovandOlegArtemyevhavedemonstratedtheirzero-gravityfootballskillsinacosmickickaboutattheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS).InavideoreleasedbyRussianstatespaceagencyRoscosmos,thepairtookitinturnstofiregravity-defyingshotsateachotherinanorbitaltrainingsessioninhonoroftheupcomingWorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)RussiancosmonautsAntonShkaplerovandOlegArtemyevhavedemonstratedtheirzero-gravityfootballskillsinacosmickickaboutattheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS).InavideoreleasedbyRussianstatespaceagencyRoscosmos,thepairtookitinturnstofiregravity-defyingshotsateachotherinanorbitaltrainingsessioninhonoroftheupcomingWorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)RussiancosmonautsAntonShkaplerovandOlegArtemyevhavedemonstratedtheirzero-gravityfootballskillsinacosmickickaboutattheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS).InavideoreleasedbyRussianstatespaceagencyRoscosmos,thepairtookitinturnstofiregravity-defyingshotsateachotherinanorbitaltrainingsessioninhonoroftheupcomingWorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June5,2018.(Xinhua/LiangKeyan)TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June5,2018.(Xinhua/LiuKun)TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June5,2018.(Xinhua/LiuKun)

  AppleCEOTimCooktakesthestageduringApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)attheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)AparticipanttakesphotosduringApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)attheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)AppleCEOTimCooktakesthestageduringApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)attheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)TheApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)isheldattheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)TheApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)isheldattheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Photo/Xinhua)(LtoR)IvoryCoastsAbdramaneDembele,2m35,FrancesBrahimTakioullah,2m46andArmeniasArshavirGrigoryan,2m33,walkinthecrowdontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,stallestpeoplemetinParisforaweekend.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)

  AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecraftforthenextInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crew,,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussia,isseenbeingsetatthelaunchpadaheadofitsupcominglaunch,attheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June4,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecraftforthenextInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crew,,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussia,isseenbeingsetatthelaunchpadaheadofitsupcominglaunch,attheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June4,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecraftforthenextInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crew,,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussia,istransportedfromanassemblinghangartothelaunchpadaheadofitsupcominglaunch,attheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June4,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecraftforthenextInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crew,,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussia,istransportedfromanassemblinghangartothelaunchpadaheadofitsupcominglaunch,attheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June4,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongstthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)

  VisitorsviewitemsintheSpiritofInvention:lMuseumofChinainBeijing,June3,’s19th-centurypatentmodels.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiaTianyong)VisitorsviewitemsintheSpiritofInvention:lMuseumofChinainBeijing,June3,’s19th-centurypatentmodels.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiaTianyong)VisitorsviewitemsintheSpiritofInvention:lMuseumofChinainBeijing,June3,’s19th-centurypatentmodels.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiaTianyong)VisitorsviewitemsintheSpiritofInvention:lMuseumofChinainBeijing,June3,’s19th-centurypatentmodels.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiaTianyong)VisitorsviewitemsintheSpiritofInvention:lMuseumofChinainBeijing,June3,’s19th-centurypatentmodels.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiaTianyong)VisitorsviewitemsintheSpiritofInvention:lMuseumofChinainBeijing,June3,’s19th-centurypatentmodels.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiaTianyong)

  AppleCEOTimCooktakesthestageduringApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)attheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)AparticipanttakesphotosduringApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)attheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)AppleCEOTimCooktakesthestageduringApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)attheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)TheApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)isheldattheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Xinhua)TheApplesWorldwideDeveloperConference(WWDC)isheldattheSanJoseConventionCenterinSanJose,California,theUnitedStates,June4,2018.(Photo/Xinhua)PhototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewnearWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthereflectionofWusiSquareonaballooninQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JinLiangkuai)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthereflectionofWusiSquareonaballooninQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JinLiangkuai)PanoramaphototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)PanoramaphototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsthenightviewofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/MaNing)PhototakenonMay31,2018showsthenightviewofOlympicSailingCenterinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/WangJianhua)PhototakenonMay3,2018showsthenightviewofFushanBayinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonMay7,2018showsthenightviewofFushanBayinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)

  TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

  FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)

  ChinaFoodandDrugAdministration(FDA)hasapprovedthesaleofanewdrugforthetreatmentofHIV-1infection,,oralbuvirtideforinjection(ABT),canbeusedwithotherantiretroviraldrugstotreatinfectedpatientswhohavebeentreatedwithantiviraldrugsbutstillsufferfromviralreplication,accordingtoFrontierBiotech,rstrainsofHIV,includingresistantviruses,andtheefficacywaslong-acting,accordingtothecompany."Asalong-actinginjectabledrugwithanewmechanismofaction,ABThasthepotentialtobeasignificantadditionandimprovementtothecurrentlyalloraldrugregimen,"saidXieDong,tshowseveresymptomsofside-effects,andtheyonlyhavetotakeoneinjectioneveryweek,accordingtothecompany."ItisexpectedthatAikeningwillhaveabigpotentialinmarketsathomeandabroad,"saidLiTaisheng,,Chinahadabout718,270peoplelivingwithHIV/AIDSand221,628peoplehaddiedofAIDS-relateddiseases.

  CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

  AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)(LtoR)IvoryCoastsAbdramaneDembele,2m35,FrancesBrahimTakioullah,2m46andArmeniasArshavirGrigoryan,2m33,walkinthecrowdontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,stallestpeoplemetinParisforaweekend.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)

  

  创新-“穷洗澡,富洗脑”(今天总算明白了!)

 
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今天,如何关爱留守儿童
2019-07-19 10:36:47 来源: 人民日报
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图集

  “孩子们,请画出一位自己最爱的亲人。”乡村小学的教室里,有的孩子捏着笔头踟蹰,有的孩子画着画着就大哭起来,有的孩子悄悄用手擦着眼角……这是深圳卫视情感观察节目《闪亮的爸爸》中的一幕,节目将镜头对准留守儿童群体,试图引起人们的重视和思考。

  当前,我国有2亿多进城务工人员在城乡、区域间大规模流动,随之而来的留守儿童问题日益严峻。《2015年全国教育事业发展统计公报》显示,全国义务教育阶段在校生中农村留守儿童达2019.24万人。

  今天,如何关爱留守儿童?回答好这个问题,并不容易。

  说起关爱留守儿童,捐款、捐物是很多人的“第一反应”。但在越来越多留守儿童因为失去父母关爱出现问题时,精神欠缺相较物质匮乏,显得尤为重要。

  中国人民大学人口与发展研究中心教授段成荣,不久前在重庆市对31所小学1万多名小学生调查发现,39%的留守儿童最多半年至一年见父母一面,17%的留守儿童一至两年没见过父母,12%的留守儿童长达两年以上没见过父母。“我们还发现,留守儿童与父母的联系内容更多是问学习成绩、是否听话和安全健康等,‘成长烦恼’几乎无处诉说。”段成荣表示。

  “面对镜头时,孩子们用非常质朴的语言描述对父母的思念,越是这样,孩子越发会表现出和年龄不相符的‘懂事’,这是用一个看似坚硬的外壳把内心隐藏起来。”《闪亮的爸爸》节目出品人苏忠有些痛心地发现,由于长期缺少父母之爱,留守儿童学习成绩普遍较差,生活散漫,个别的甚至走上违法犯罪道路。

  解决留守儿童心灵上的匮乏,是当务之急。但要想深入这些孩子的心灵,既存在人力上的力所不及,又存在方法上的捉襟见肘。

  段成荣认为,关爱留守儿童要强化家庭责任,过分强调政府和社会责任,而对家庭责任视而不见的想法和做法都是错误的。苏忠表示,如何给留守儿童提供心理疏导与情感交流、精神食粮与文化套餐,需要多方协作、全方位思考。

  关爱留守儿童,何时“最热”?一搜索相关新闻,基本都是在“节日”。逢年过节,各地各部门便纷纷开展关爱活动,有的送去衣物用品,有的搭建免费“亲情聊天室”,有的陪孩子们做游戏、读好书……爱心值得肯定,但对孩子们来说,过日子不等于过节,仅对留守儿童进行“节日化”的关爱是远远不够的。

  要想将“节日化”变成“常态化”,建立长效机制首当其冲。但是,当下因为政府职能部门、群团组织、社区、学校、家庭、社会力量等“九龙治水”,切实关爱留守儿童的共识很难形成。

  有资料显示,当前农村留守儿童所处的社会环境并不“友好”:外出打工父母缺乏责任主体意识;一些农村空壳化,家里主要是老人、孩子,既缺乏劳动力也缺乏活力;乡村学校对留守儿童的关注心有余而力不足;农村的社团组织、慈善组织、志愿者和社会工作等力量还较为薄弱,中西部农村地区更是如此。

  在这种情况下,如何“破题”?2016年,国务院印发《关于加强农村留守儿童关爱保护工作的意见》(以下简称《意见》),明确提出“加强农村留守儿童关爱保护工作、维护未成年人合法权益,是各级政府的重要职责,也是家庭和全社会的共同责任”。

  “针对留守儿童的这种发展型社会政策不是某个政府部门一家之力可以完成的,它需要国家、市场、企业、学校和社会的协同作用,需要重建劳动力再生产和儿童发展所必需的家庭和社区环境。”中国农业大学人文与发展学院副教授潘璐指出。

  有专家建议,逐步完善相关的法律法规以及救助、福利体制,做好保障工作;基层政府、村(居)民委员会应做好农村留守儿童及家庭信息的登记、走访、排查,及时掌握其家庭、监护、就学等情况,实行动态管理;学校要加强寄宿制管理和服务,积极开展留守儿童的心理健康教育;群团组织应把留守儿童的关爱保护作为重要工作积极推进,并引导社会资金投入。

  从长远来看,解决留守儿童问题,归根结底还是要通过推进农民工市民化、引导扶持返乡创业就业等,多措并举,从源头上减少留守儿童。

  对大多数奔波在外的留守儿童父母来说,有几个不想孩子呢?因此《意见》规定“强化家庭监护主体责任”,让家庭责任真正强化,政府和各方力量理应为留守儿童父母提供平台和保障条件,创造更多团聚机会。

  从“流入地”看,要顺应人口流动家庭化趋势,不断完善户籍制度、社会保障制度和教育、住房等相关配套措施,作为流入地的城市应积极整合和拓展资源,吸纳更多的留守儿童进入城市学习和生活。

  从“流出地”看,应积极探索地方优势,加快发展县域经济,不断缩小与城市之间的差距,政府出台相关优惠政策,引导和扶持一部分流动人口返乡创业。

  “从长远看,伴随着更多留守儿童随父母进城生活,农村留守儿童这一群体将会不断减少。但从眼前来说,孩子的亲情陪伴、教育和安全等问题等待不起,在做好城乡人口和发展长远规划的同时,必须加强对农村留守儿童问题的综合社会治理。”段成荣强调。(本报记者 张烁)

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